Peppers are a very present vegetable in all kitchens since its rich flavor is valued as well as its culinary possibilities and its properties.
Origin and classes of peppers
The pepper arrived in Spain, from the New World, around the year 1,500. Between Spaniards and Portuguese they spread their cultivation throughout the rest of the world.
There are many varieties of peppers that exist in the market. They can have a different shape and size and also change the taste that can be sweet or spicy.
As for the color, there are green peppers, which when they ripen turn red, and there are also yellow peppers.
All kinds of peppers have practically the same properties and bring great benefits to our health.
Nutritional information (per 100 g)
As we have already said, the composition of peppers does not vary much even if they change color, but the difference in the amount of vitamin C they can give us is notable, being higher in red peppers, 190 mg than in green peppers.
Peppers are very rich in vitamin C, much more than some citrus fruits. This vitamin is necessary for our body to properly absorb iron, calcium and some amino acids. They also provide us with a significant amount of potassium. It also contains folic acid, carotene’s and beta carotene’s.
Let’s see what else peppers offer us:
- Energy: 113 Kcal
- Water: 92 g
- Fat: 0.19 g
- Proteins: 0.9 g
- Carbohydrates: 6.5 g
- Fiber: 1.4 g
- Potassium: 180 mg
- Phosphorus: 19 mg
- Magnesium: 13.5 mg
- Calcium: 9 mg
- Vitamin C: 131 mg
- Vitamin A: 632 IU
- Vitamin E: 0.8 mg
Let’s look at some of the properties of peppers that will convince us that they should not be lacking in our diet:
- If we are following a diet of slimming the consumption of peppers, especially raw or roasted, they are highly advised because due to their fiber content they provide a great feeling of satiety.
- One of the properties of peppers is that they exert a diuretic and purifying action, due to their richness in potassium, favoring the elimination of liquids.
- Its consumption is highly recommended in case of hypertension, kidney stones and gout.
- They are a powerful antioxidant because they contain a large amount of lycopene that helps fight free radicals.
- Strengthening the defenses and helping to create white and red blood cells is also one of the properties of peppers.
- They are snacks, that is, they stimulate the appetite.
- Peppers, due to their high fiber content, improve constipation problems.
- They favor the formation of collagen and the growth of nails and hair.
- In case of arthritis and rheumatism its consumption is highly advised for its analgesic properties that are given by its content in salicylates and capsaicin.
- The spicy varieties of peppers help to burn fat.
- Because of its folate content, peppers should not be lacking in the diet of pregnant women and children.
- Promoting vision is one of the properties of peppers.
What if peppers don’t fit my stomach?
If our stomach is going through a delicate moment we better consume sweet-tasting peppers, spicy foods are not recommended as they can be a bit irritating. If we take them fried they are more difficult to digest.
Another trick to make us feel better is to always eat peppers … without your skin.
Did you know…?
If we apply pepper on our skin we will observe how the spots that appear by age, sun, etc. They are clearing up.
The paprika, a spice rich in pro vitamin A, is made by grinding the dried meat of the peppers.
They are a species widely used in the preparation of many dishes.